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Archeologie > Prehistorie en Vroege Culturen
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ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - NEOLITHICUM - ANATOLIA - Polished stone axe, 6th / 3rd millennium BC

height circa 35mm. ; weight 16,51gr.
found in south-east Anatolia
grey stone

135,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - NEOLITHICUM - ANATOLIA / MESOPOTAMIA - Polished stone amulet, 4th / 3rd millennium BC

height circa 71mm. ; weight 29,42gr.
ex. A.v.L. Private collection, since 1962 in Utrecht.
grey stone
intact

225,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - EARLY CULTURES OF THE NEAR & MIDDLE EAST- Phallus pendant made of grey stone, 2nd millennium BC

Early Cultures of the near & middle east, 2nd millennium BC
Length 45mm. ; weigth 1,36gr.
Very interesting and rare object.
intact

425,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - NEAR EAST - SYRO-HETTITE - Terracotta idol, circa 2200-1800 BC

NEAR EAST - SYRO-HETTITE
length 95mm. ; weight 38,11gr.

Description: A standing statue of Syro-Hittite terracotta female idol. Appears to be wearing hoop earrings and an incised diadem. Eyes are pierced, the holes representing pupils. A massive necklace is applied on the pectoral area; the hands are hold up at her sides. Fully clothed in a long garment. On the backside we see three carved lines. Terracotta was a favoured material for idols in the Near East. These types of figurines usually have columnar and flat bodies with heads and torsos decorated with appliques and incisions. Some of them might have represented gods, female deities that ensured fertility. However, it is more likely that they represented worshipers. Due to protruding nose figurines such as this ones are characterized as having bird-like faces. They are usually 12-30 cm in height, found in graves or under the floors of the houses.

provenance: German private collection. Acquired on the Munich art market in the 1990′s
Not completely intact ; originally this object was circa 10-20mm longer.
Visible earthen residue.

795,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - SYRIA / MESOPOTAMIA - AKKADIAN EMPIRE - Roof-shaped seal stamp of gray stone, circa 2300-2100 BC

SYRIA / MESOPOTAMIA, circa 2300-2100 BC
circa 36x25mm ; weight 21,37 gram
Pierced along the entire length, to be able to wear on a cord
Male-headed lion, with long beard and head cover,
lying to the left, surrounded by wedges.

The Akkadian Empire was the first ancient Semitic-speaking empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkad And its surrounding region, also called Akkad in ancient Mesopotamia in the Bible. The Bible refers to Akkad in Genesis 10:10, which states that the beginning of Nimrod′s kingdom was in the land of Akkad. Nimrod′s historical identity is unknown, but some have compared him with the legendary Gilgamesh, founder of Uruk. The empire united Akkadian and Sumerian speakers under one rule. The Akkadian Empire exercised influence across Mesopotamia, the Levant, and Anatolia, sending military expeditions as far south as Dilmun and Magan (modern Bahrain and Oman) in the Arabian Peninsula. During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere between the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate). The Akkadian Empire reached its political peak between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC, following the conquests by its founder Sargon of Akkad. Under Sargon and his successors, the Akkadian language was briefly imposed on neighboring conquered states such as Elam and Gutium. Akkad is sometimes regarded as the first empire in history, though the meaning of this term is not precise, and there are earlier Sumerian claimants. After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian-speaking nations: Assyria in the north, and, a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south.

On Akkadian seals and art we see more often a male-headed lion. The long hair and beard is also typical Akkadian, and has some similarity with the famous bronze head of the Akkadian king Manishtusu (2269-2255 BC) or Naram-Sin (2254-2218 BC) in the national Museum of Iraq.

Provenance: German private collection. Acquired on the Munich art market in the 1990′s
Very rare seal stamp with excellent details.
intakt

1.650,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - EGYPT - NEW KINGDOM, 18th/20th Dynasty, circa 1550-1070 BC - Gold swivel ring with steatite scrarab, 18th/20th Dynasty, 1550-1070 BC

weight 3,94gr. ; gold circa 24x22mm. ; scarab circa 16x11mm.
Gray steatit scarab "facing figure (deity) with bird beneath, standing left",
mounted in solid gold hope.

By far the most important amulet in ancient Egypt was the scarab, symbolically as sacred to the Egyptians as the cross is to Christians. The underside of the abdomen, or flat side, of the scarabs was usually inscribed with the names of pharaohs and officials, private names, magical mottos, formulae, volute designs and other patterns, images of deities, sacred animals, and religious symbols. Scarabs were a common form of "charm" which everyone could afford and easily wear strung on a cord on their person. Most scarabs were made for the living. The small magical object was believed imbued with particular protective powers that warded off evil and provided good things for the owner for this life and also for the next, particularly when sewn to mummy wrappings. Although scarabs are known from the earliest periods, it is in the 12th dynasty that their use as seals became common. The great majority of scarab seals were quite small, generally measuring around 1,5 - 2cm. long by 1 - 1,5cm. wide.

provenance: from a German collection, acquired on the German art market in the 1980′s
Very rare and wonderful preserved.
intact

3.750,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - MIDDLE / LATE BRONZE AGE - SOUTH-EAST EUROPE - Bronze sickle, circa 1800 -1200 BC

MIDDLE / LATE BRONZE AGE, circa 1800 - 1200 BC
Length 18,7cm. ; weigth circa 106gr. 
This type was probably produced in Hungary or Italy.
Decorated with lines. Dark green patina.
intact

750,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BRONZE AGE - LURISTAN - Bronze axe, circa 1200 - 900 BC

EARLY CULTURES - LATE BRONZE AGE - LURISTAN, circa 1200 - 900 BC
Length circa 11,1cm. ; height circa 7,8cm. ; weight circa 162 gram
The cylindrical shaft-hole with three butt-spikes are all joined together along the base.
Blade decorated with engraved geometric lines.
provenance; German private collection
Minor hole in shaft en minor oxidation. Brown patina.

550,00 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BRONZE AGE - SOUTH-EAST EUROPE - Bronze chisel, circa 1200 - 800 BC

South-East Europe, bronze age, circa 1200 - 800 BC
Length 15,7cm. ; weigth circa 162 gram

In a wonderful condition with green patina.

provenance; German private collection

intact

850,00 





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