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Archeologie > Middeleeuwen en Nieuwe Tijd
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ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BYZANTINE - Enkolpion, 7th/8th century AD

weight 57,37gr. ; bronze H.90mm. W.36mm.
Reliquary in the form of a cross, one side decorated with the crucified Christ
with four busts at the terminations, the other with the Mary, praying in the
orans position, with four busts at the terminations.

This bronze cross was hand forged during the Middle Ages in the cradle of Christianity, the Byzantine Empire. This reliquary 2 pieced cross, held actual relics of Saints or Martyrs....bits of bone, chips of stone, slivers of wood, or pinches of ash. This one of a kind cross was surely worn by a Byzantine citizen as a statement of faith during this amazing age of early Christendom. Still sealed, with cylindrical hanger attached.

Very good condition, nice dark patina.


ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BYZANTINE, 8th-12th century AD -Bronzen gordelstuk met rozetversiering



ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BYZANTINE / ISLAMIC - Silver bracelet, circa 8th / 12th century AD

height circa 55mm. ; width circa 63mm. ; 29,49 gram
Made of twisted silver wire with filigrain and granule decorations at the heart-shaped ends.
Found in the Eastern Danube region (Bulgaria).
provenance: from an old German private collection.


ARCHEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BYZANTINE - Christian medieval bronze cross, circa 8th / 12th century AD

height 74mm. ; width50mm. ; weight 38,57gr.
provenance: from a private Dutch collection


ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT - BYZANTINE - CENTRAL EUROPE - Cross pendant of bone, 9th/13th century

weight 15,75gr. ; bone H.50mm W.29mm.
decorated with lines and circles


MEDIEVAL TIMES - ISLAMIC WORLD - ASIA MINOR - Bronze cup with 11 bronze weights, 9th - 13th century

cup size; height36mm. ; width 60mm. ; weight 95,78gr.

This cup includes 1 round weight, 8 square weights and 2 polyhedronic
weights varying from 1,40 to 29,63gram. The largest and heaviest weight
of 29,63 gram is a 1 uncia or 10 dirhems weight (see Hendin 413)

Uncleaned with earthen deposits and dark patina.


MEDIEVAL TIMES - SOUTH-WEST EUROPE - Pilprim badge, 12th - 14th century

height 55mm. ; lead ; 51,24gr.

This example has ribbing on the obverse and a round medaillon
with W on the reverse. Two ringlets / lug-handles at the sides.

This ″flask and shell-shaped″ lead-aloy ampulla pilgrim badge refers to Saint James (Pecten Jacobaeus). Abandoning one′s daily life to go on pilgrimage to a shrine of a saint was an act of religious devotion performed by a substantial number of medieval Christians. One of the most popular souvenirs were ampullae, small vessels containing oil or water sanctified at a pilgrimage shrine. These souvenirs often were mass-produced casts in lead or its alloys. Many of these ampullae are said to be ″shell-shaped″, assuming the shape and treatment referred in the medieval mind to the scallop, the symbol initially of one of the greatest medieval pilgrimages, to Santiago de Compostela in northwest Spain, and eventually of pilgrimage generally. The ″shell-shaped″ ampullae exhibit a wide range of styles and features.

literature; Kenyon College (Gambier, Ohio, U.S.A.), Journal of Medieval Art and Architecture, Ampullae, re-imbured: a formal analysis of medieval ″shell-shaped″ lead-alloy pilgrim ampullae by Greg Campbell.
provenance; a Dutch private collection
Rare and very interesting object of medieval Christianity.


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